Matsuo Basho: the Master Haiku Poet, Kodansha Europe, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, History of modern banana plantations in the Americas, History of peasant banana production in the Americas, United Brands Company v Commission of the European Communities, "Banana from 'Fruits of Warm Climates' by Julia Morton", "Tracing antiquity of banana cultivation in Papua New Guinea", "Banana plant with five hearts is instant hit in Negros Occ", Office of the Gene Technology Regulator 2008, "Everything Emits Radiation Even You: The millirems pour in from bananas, bomb tests, the air, bedmates", "Eating one banana; in Radiation Dose Chart", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "The banana (Musa acuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants", "Tracking the banana: its significance in early agriculture", "Combining Biological Approaches to Shed Light on the Evolution of Edible Bananas", "Across the Indian Ocean: the prehistoric movement of plants and animals", "Evidence for banana cultivation and animal husbandry during the first millennium BCE in the forest of southern Cameroon", "Herkunft, Diversitt und Zchtung der Banane und kultivierter Zitrusarten, "Banana consumption on rise during Ramadan", "We Have No Bananas: Can Scientists Defeat a Devastating Blight? Prior to 1960, almost all commercial banana production centered on "Gros Michel", which was highly susceptible. The genus Musa was created by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. , A 2013 paper described experiments to create a version of Gros Michel which is resistant to black sigatoka. During the medieval ages, bananas from Granada were considered among the best in the Arab world. In addition to the expense, there is the question of how long intensive spraying can be environmentally justified.  The inflorescence contains many bracts (sometimes incorrectly referred to as petals) between rows of flowers. The original Big Banana has been copied by the Big Bananas at Carnarvon, Western Australia. Because of this much banana yield per tree, it may result in the most profitable fruit trees to grow. The goal is to prevent the bananas from producing their natural ripening agent, ethylene. A stem develops which grows up inside the pseudostem, carrying the immature inflorescence until eventually it emerges at the top. Examples include the Burmese dish mohinga, and the Filipino dish inubaran. I dont recommend using a fruit bowl to store bananas in, unless you only buy a small amount of fruit and mainly use it for decoration. Green (under-ripe) bananas do not fluoresce.  Fe'i bananas, grown and eaten in the islands of the Pacific, are derived from entirely different wild species than traditional bananas and plantains. It affects all main cultivars of bananas and plantains (including the Cavendish cultivars), impeding photosynthesis by blackening parts of the leaves, eventually killing the entire leaf. This is because the radiation exposure from consuming one banana is only 1% of the average daily exposure to radiation, 50 times less than a typical dental x-ray and 400 times less than taking a commercial flight across the United States. Unlike other fruit like apples which have a growing season, bananas are available all year round.  It is likely, however, that bananas were brought at least to Madagascar if not to the East African coast during the phase of Malagasy colonization of the island from South East Asia c. 400 CE.  The only known defense to TR4 is genetic resistance. , While in no danger of outright extinction, the most common edible banana cultivar Cavendish (extremely popular in Europe and the Americas) could become unviable for large-scale cultivation in the next 1020 years.  The leaves of banana plants are composed of a "stalk" (petiole) and a blade (lamina). Almost all mod In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas.  In 650, Islamic conquerors brought the banana to Palestine.  This is conferred either by RGA2, a gene isolated from a TR4-resistant diploid banana, or by the nematode-derived Ced9.  Banana germplasm is conserved in many national and regional gene banks, and at the world's largest banana collection, the International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre (ITC), managed by Bioversity International and hosted at KU Leuven in Belgium. Bananas Fruit Fruits.  All the above-ground parts of a banana plant grow from a structure usually called a "corm". Consequently, they are conserved by three main methods: in vivo (planted in field collections), in vitro (as plantlets in test tubes within a controlled environment), and by cryopreservation (meristems conserved in liquid nitrogen at 196C). , In India, a banana fiber separator machine has been developed, which takes the agricultural waste of local banana harvests and extracts strands of the fiber. , In Thailand, it is believed that a certain type of banana plant may be inhabited by a spirit, Nang Tani, a type of ghost related to trees and similar plants that manifests itself as a young woman.  Ecuador and the Philippines were the leading exporters with 5.4 and 3.3 million tonnes, respectively, and the Dominican Republic was the leading exporter of plantains with 210,350 tonnes. , In global commerce in 2009, by far the most important cultivars belonged to the triploid AAA group of Musa acuminata, commonly referred to as Cavendish group bananas. 58 95 5. Cultivars are placed in groups based on the number of chromosomes they have and which species they are derived from. When used so for steaming or grilling, the banana leaves protect the food ingredients from burning and add a subtle sweet flavor. In 1835, French botanist Jean Franois Pouyat carried Baudin's fruit from Martinique to Jamaica. Thus the Latundan banana is placed in the AAB Group, showing that it is a triploid derived from both M. acuminata (A) and M. balbisiana (B).  Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9ft) long and 60cm (2.0ft) wide. Although they are HUGE Raw plantains contain 499mg potassium per 100g. Dehydrated dessert bananas or banana powder contain 1491mg potassium per 100g., Individuals with a latex allergy may experience a reaction to bananas. , Particularly in Europe, bananas have long been commonly thrown at black footballers by racist spectators.  Alves picked up the banana, peeled it and took a bite, and the meme went viral on social media in support of him. The primary component of the aroma of fresh bananas is isoamyl acetate (also known as banana oil), which, along with several other compounds such as butyl acetate and isobutyl acetate, is a significant contributor to banana flavor. Native to the Andes of South America, banana passion fruit (Passiflora mollissima) is a vigorously growing vine with showy pink flowers and elongated, 2- to almost 5-inch-long fruit. Dried bananas are also ground to make banana flour. Areas of secondary diversity are found in Africa, indicating a long history of banana cultivation in these regions.  Racist taunts are an ongoing problem in football.  As the soil-based fungi can easily be carried on boots, clothing, or tools, the wilt spread to the Americas despite years of preventive efforts. This system eliminated almost all the difficulties and inconsistencies of the earlier classification of bananas based on assigning scientific names to cultivated varieties. Banana Trees Cabin. A study of these cultivars showed that they could be placed into at least three groups based on their characteristics: dessert bananas, non-plantain cooking bananas, and plantains, although there were overlaps between dessert and cooking bananas.  Used primarily by East or Southeast Asians for other East/Southeast Asians or Asian Americans who are perceived as assimilated into mainstream American culture. Black sigatoka is a fungal leaf spot disease first observed in Fiji in 1963 or 1964. , Even though it is no longer viable for large scale cultivation, Gros Michel is not extinct and is still grown in areas where Panama disease is not found. not treated with ethylene), and may show up at the supermarket fully green. Linnaeus originally placed bananas into two species based only on their uses as food: Musa sapientum for dessert bananas and Musa paradisiaca for plantains.  Likewise, Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain are in no danger of extinction, but they may leave supermarket shelves if disease makes it impossible to supply the global market. This technology allows storage and transport for 34 weeks at 13C (55F). Biggest Banana is a medium sized supermarket that carries essential and gourmet groceries,produce, deli, and meat items at the best prices! 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